Russian National Contact Point Food security, sustainable agriculture, marine and maritime research and the bio-economy & Biotechnology

EU-Russia S&T cooperation

EU and Russia have the strong cooperation in the field of science and technology.

Legal and institutional framework

he legal framework for EU-Russia science and technology (S&T) cooperation is set by the following documents:

Institutionally, S&T cooperation is coordinated by the Joint S&T Cooperation Committee (JSTC) and several EU-Russia thematic S&T working groups established under the Agreement on cooperation in science and technology (2000). All actions agreed by the working groups are set out in a roadmap for action , the latest version of which was approved in 2012.

Independent Experts Report on the Implementation of the EU-RU S&T Cooperation Agreement

EU Framework Programmes

One of the most established forms of EU-Russia S&T cooperation is the participation of Russian scientists in the EU's Framework Programmes for Research and Technological Development, where Russia has traditionally been one of the most active and successful international cooperation partner countries. EU researchers, for their part, actively participate in Russia's research and development (R&D) programmes, such as Federal Targeted Programmes on R&D and the Russian 'mega-grants' programme to attract leading scientists to Russian universities and research institutes.

In 2007 a new cooperation mechanism of coordinated calls for co-funded research projects between the EU and Russia was introduced. To date, nine coordinated calls have been implemented with Russia in such areas as health; food, agriculture and biotechnology; ICT; energy; aeronautics; nanotechnologies; nuclear energy.

Starting from 2014, the EU's Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, Horizon 2020, is the main instrument of cooperation in the areas of research and innovation at the EU level. Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU's Research and Innovation programme ever, with nearly €80 billion of funding available for seven years (2014 to 2020). It aims to foster innovation through collaboration, bringing together researchers, innovators and industry from the European Union and beyond. The programme is open to everyone from everywhere, including from Russia.

Global research infrastructures

Another key area of Russia-EU S&T cooperation involves the development of global research infrastructures, including the large-scale "mega-science" projects. Russia and the EU actively collaborate on a number of research infrastructure initiatives, for example the EU X-ray Free-Electron Laser (XFEL) and the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR); the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER); the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN); and others.

Russia and the EU also collaborate within the framework of the Group of Senior Officials (GSO) on global research infrastructures, composed of representatives from the G8+O5 countries.

Researchers' mobility

A number of important programmes are in place to facilitate researchers' mobility between EU and Russia. At the EU level, these are mainly the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (under the EU's Framework Programme) and Erasmus+ programme (
since 2014, the previous TEMPUS and Erasmus Mundus programmes have become part of the integrated Erasmus+ programme). These initiatives serve as an important tool of Russia's integration into the European Research Area and the European Higher Education Area.